A study of the effects of sodium alginate and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose on the growth of common duckweed (Lemna minor L.) Scientific paper

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Bianca-Vanesa Boros
Nathalie I. Grau
Adriana Isvoran
Adina Daniela Datcu
Nicoleta Ianovici
Vasile Ostafe


Sodium alginate (ALG) and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) are two polysaccharides that have a wide range of applications, which could lead to accidental pollution of the environment, making the assessment of their potential ecotoxicity imperative. The present study assesses the effects of ALG and CMC on the growth response of common duckweed (Lemna minor L.). The results emphasize that both polysaccharides can be classified as practically nontoxic based on their EC50 values, with ALG having a relatively higher toxicity compared to CMC. It was also observed that high doses of 1, 5 and 10 mg mL-1 of the two polysaccharides produced growth inhibitory effects against common duckweed. The toxicity of biopolymers against common duckweed, measured as EC50 values, seems to be correlated to the hydrophobicity of the monomers building the polymer. The EC50 values increase linearly with inc­reasing water solubility (log S) values and decrease linearly with the lipo­phil­icity (log P) values.


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B.-V. Boros, N. I. Grau, A. Isvoran, A. D. Datcu, N. Ianovici, and V. Ostafe, “A study of the effects of sodium alginate and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose on the growth of common duckweed (Lemna minor L.): Scientific paper”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 657–667, Feb. 2022.
Environmental Chemistry


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