Efficient pollutants removal by amino-modified nanocellulose impregnated with iron oxide

Khaleb Taleb, Jelena Rušmirović, Milica Rančić, Jasmina Nikolić, Saša Drmanić, Zlate Veličković, Aleksandar Marinković


A novel adsorbent, NC-PEG, obtained by modification of nanocel­lulose (NC) with PEG-6-arm amino polyethylene glycol (PEG-NH2) via maleic anhydride (MA) linker, was used for removal of Cd2+ and Ni2+ from water. A subsequent precipitation of iron oxide (FO) from goethite on NC-PEG was employed to pro­duce NC-PEG/FO adsorbent which was used for As(V) and As(III) removal. In a batch test, the influence of pH, contact time, initial ion concentration and temperature on the adsorption efficiency were studied. The maximum adsorp­tion capacities found for Cd2+ and Ni2+, obtained by the use of Langmuir model, were 37.9 and 32.4 mg g-1 at 25 °C, respectively. Also, high As(V) and As(III) removal capacities of 26.0 and 23.6 mg g-1 were obtained. The thermo­dynamic parameters indicated endothermic, feasible and spon­ta­neous nature of the adsorption process. The kinetic study, i.e., fitting by Weber–Morris model predicted that intra-particle diffusion was the rate-controlling step. The ability for multi-cycle reusability of both NC-PEG and NC-PEG/FO, represents a posi­tive indicator when considering their possible applic­ations.


arsenic; adsorption; hydrous iron oxide; nanocellulose


L. Järup, Brit. Med. Bull. 68 (2003) 167

P. B. Tchounwou, C. G. Yedjou, A. K. Patlolla, D. J. Sutton, EXS 101 (2012) 133

P. Ravenscroft, H. Brammer, K. Richards, Arsenic Sollution: A Global Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons, London United Kingdom, 2009

S. Hokkanen, E. Repo, M. Sillanpää, Chem. Eng. J. 223 (2013) 40

D. Lakherwal, Adsorption of Heavy Metals: A Review, IJERD 4 (2014) 41

O. Kononova, N. Karplyakova, E. Duba, J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 80 (2015) 1149

S. Lazarević, I. Janković-Častvan, B. Jokić, Đ. Janaćković, R. Petrović, J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 81 (2016) 197

A. Buekens, N. N. Zyaykina, Pollution Control Technologies: Adsorbents and adsorption processes for pollution control, Vol. 2. Eollss Publishers Co. Ltd., Oxford, UK, 2009

W. M. Hosny, A. K. A. Hadi, H. El-Saied, A. H. Basta, Polym. Int. 37 (1995) 93

R. Saliba, H. Gauthier, R. Gauthier, M. Petit-Ramel, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 75 (2000) 1624

X. Yu, S. Tong, M. Ge, L. Wu, J. Zuo, C. Cao, W. Song, J. Environ. Sci. 25 (2013) 933

G. Siqueira, J. Bras, A. Dufresne, Polymers 2 (2010) 728

E. C. da Silva Filho, J. C.P. de Melo, M. G. da Fonseca, C. Airoldi, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 340 (2009) 8

J. Zhang, T. J. Elder, Y. Pu, A. J. Ragauskas, Carbohyd. Polym. 69 (2007) 607

W. Shen, S. Chen, S. Shi, X. Li, Xi. Zhang, W. Hu, H. Wang, Carbohyd. Polym. 75 (2009) 110

X. Zhao, G. Zhang, Q. Jia, C. Zhao, W. Zhou, W. Li, Chem. Eng. J. 171 (2011) 152

P. Lu, Y-L. Hsieh, Carbohyd. Polym. 82 (2010) 329

N. Đorđević, A. D. Marinković, J. B. Nikolić, S. Ž. Drmanić, M. Rančić, D. V. Brković, P. S. Uskoković, J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 81 (2016) 589

U. Schwertmann, ron Oxides in the Laboratory, Preparation and Character¬ization, 2nd ed., Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany. 2000

M. Iqbal, N. Iqbal, I.A. Bhatti, N. Ahmad, M. Zahid, Ecol. Eng. 88 (2016) 265

A. Witek-Krowiak, K. Chojnacka, D. Podstawczyk, A. Dawiec, K. Pokomeda, Bioresour. Technol. 160 (2014) 150

S. A. Jafari, S. Cheraghi, M. Mirbakhsh, R. Mirza, A. Maryamabadi, CLEAN – Soil Air Water 43 (2015) 118

S.A. Jafari, S. Cheraghi, M. Mirbakhsh, R. Mirza, A. Maryamabadi, CLEAN –Soil, Air, Water, 43 (2014) 118

G. D. Vuković, A. D. Marinković, S. D. Škapin, M. T. Ristić, R. Aleksić, A. Perić-Grujić, P. S. Uskoković, Chem. Eng. J. 173 (2011) 855

J. S. Markovski, D. D. Marković, V. R. Dokić, M. Mitrić, M. D. Ristić, A. E. Onjia, A. D. Marinković, Chem. Eng. J. 237 (2014) 430

K. Taleb, J. Markovski, M. Milosavljević, M. Marinović-Cincović, J. Rusmirović, M. Ristić, A. Marinković, Chem. Eng. J. 279 (2015) 66

Z. Veličković, G. Vuković, A. Marinković, M.-S. Moldovan, A. Perić-Grujić, P. Uskoković, M. Ristić, Chem. Eng. J. 181 (2012) 174

G. D. Vuković, A. D. Marinković, M. Čolić, M. Đ. Ristić, R. Aleksić, A. A. Perić-Grujić, P. S. Uskoković, Chem. Eng. J. 157 (2010) 238

M. A. Karimi, M. Kafi, Arab. J. Chem. 8 (2015) 812

P. Lakshmipathiraj, B. R. V. Narasimhan, S. Prabhakar, G. Bhaskar Raju, J. Hazard. Mater., B 136 (2006) 281

S. Glasston, K. J. Laidler, H. Eyring, The Theory of Rate Processes, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 1941.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC160529063T

Copyright (c) 2016 J. Serb. Chem. Soc.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

5 Year Impact Factor 1.023
138 of 177 journals)