Relationship between the properties of an interlayer formed by in situ Ti anodization and anaphoretically deposited hydroxyapatite

Marijana R. Pantović Pavlović, Miroslav M. Pavlović, Sanja Eraković, Tanja Barudžija, Jasmina S. Stevanović, Nenad Ignjatović, Vladimir V. Panić

Abstract


In this paper the optimization of the anodization process of Ti substrate for subsequent in situ synthesis of hydroxyapatite/titanium oxide composite coatings on titanium substrate was performed. The anodization was performed under 30, 60 and 90 V and the morphology of treated surface, linear and surface roughness measurements were investigated using FE-SEM, AFM and roughness tester. It was shown by linear and surface roughness analyses that titanium anodized under 60 V has the highest roughness, and that at 90 V flattening of the surface occurs. As the best surface roughness results emerged at 60 V, the novel process of composite anHAp/TiO2 coating synthesis, which comprises of simultaneous processes of TiO2 formation and HAp deposition and HAp impregnation within TiO2 surface layer, was performed at this voltage. Ti substrate surface was completely covered by composite coating, with no visible cracks, and the adhesion, quantified by ASTM D3359-02 standard, was greatly improved compared to the same coatings obtained by cathaphoretic processes, even without sintering of the coatings.


Keywords


titanium anodization; roughness; in situ anaphoretic deposition; hydroxyapatite coating; adhesion; titanium oxide

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC190730105P

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