Zinc oxide nanoparticles prepared by thermal decomposition of zinc benzenepolycarboxylato precursors: Photoluminescent, photocatalytic and antimicrobial properties

Lidija Radovanović, Jelena D. Zdravković, Bojana Simović, Željko Radovanović, Katarina Mihajlovski, Miroslav D. Dramićanin, Jelena Rogan

Abstract


Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were obtained by thermal decompo­sition of one-dimensional zinc–benzenepolycarboxylato complexes as single-
-source precursors at 450 °C in an air atmosphere. The mechanism and kinetics of thermal degradation of zinc–benzenepolycarboxylato complexes were ana­lyzed under non-isothermal conditions in an air atmosphere. The results of
X-ray powder diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy rev­ealed hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO with an average crystallite size in the range of 39–47 nm and similar morphology. The band gap and the specific surface area of ZnO nanoparticles were determined using UV–Vis diffuse ref­lectance spectroscopy and the Brunauer, Emmett and Teller method, respect­ively. The photoluminescent, photocatalytic and antimicrobial properties of the ZnO nanoparticles were also examined. The best photocatalytic activity in the degradation of C. I. Reactive Orange 16 dye was observed for the ZnO powder where the crystallites form the smallest agglomerates. All ZnO nanoparticles showed excellent inhibitory effect against Gram-positive bacterium Staphylo­coccus aureus and Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli.


Keywords


nanomaterials; photoluminescence; photocatalysis; antimicrobial activity

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC200629048R

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