Effect of transition metal cations on the commensurate freezing of n-hexane confined in micropores of ZSM-5



Besides its importance concerning fundamental studies on gas ads­orption in narrow pores, investigation of the commensurate freezing of a fluid within a zeolite is of practical importance in the application of zeolites in the processes of adsorption, separation and catalysis. In this work, the adsorption of n-hexane on HZSM-5 and its transition metal ion-exchanged modified forms was studied at 303 K by means of microcalorimetry. The thermal molar entro­pies changes of adsorption were calculated and thereby, the freezing-like behaviour of n-hexane inside the structure of the zeolite as a confinement media was noticed. This effect is governed by the attractive interactions between n-hexane molecules and the pore walls, and is influenced by the length of the pores and the nature of the charge-balancing cations. Among the inves­tigated zeolites, a solid-like phase ofn-hexane in the pores of zeolites with Fe(II) ions was the most similar to solid bulk n-hexane, while Cu(II) ions con­tributed to the lowest ordering of the obtained solid-like n-hexane phase.


confinement media; adsorption; entropy; microcalorimetry; ZSM-5

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC150203032H

Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society - J. Serb. Chem. Soc.

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