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Isothermal kinetics of the exchange of absorbed water in a silica hydrogel (SH) with ethanol was examined. The isothermal kinetic curves of absorbed water exchange with ethanol were measured at the temperatures: T = 297, 306 and 316 K. The rate of the exchange was analysed as a function of time. The possibility of mathematical description of the kinetics of exchange by the Brouers and Sotolongo–Costa’s (BS) fractal’s kinetics model was examined. Parameter values (n, τ, β) of the model and their changes with temperature were calculated. By applying the method of Ozao, it was determined that the rate limiting step of the process of exchange was the rate of exchange of the absorbed water with ethanol. Values of the fractal dimension of the SH–ethanol interphase were calculated. The dependences of the effective time-dependent rate coefficient, activation energy and pre-exponential factor on time and degree of exchange were calculated and discussed. The proposed model of the mechanism of the exchange of absorbed water with ethanol was discussed.
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