Efficiency of different additives in the improvement of the oxidation stability of fatty acid methyl esters with different properties Scientific paper

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Milica Rankov Šicar
Radoslav Mićić
Milan Tomić
Nataša Đurišić-Mladenović


This study evaluates six formulations in improving the oxidation sta­bility of different fatty acid methyl esters (MEs). Two MEs differed in the unsaturation levels as they were synthesized from different feedstock: a blend of soybean and sunflower oils, and waste cooking oil; they did not fulfill the requirements of the EN 14214 standard concerning their oxidation stability (≈0.6 h) and some impurities. The third MEs (SoSuME-EN) were fully com­pliant with the standard. Five formulations were phenolic-based, containing single or mixed antioxidant compounds of different molecular structures; one was amine-based. Different dosages of the formulations were added to the ME samples (corresponding to the addition range 50–48300 ppm). The MEs sta­bility expressed as induction periods, IP, determined by the Rancimat method, were used for the calculation of stabilization factors, SF, indicating the effi­ciency of the applied formulation. The formulation containing 2-(1,1-dimeth­yl­ethyl)-1,4-benzenediol was the most efficient concerning the lowest consump­tion rate and the highest SF achieved for the low quality ME. 2,2′-Methylene-
-bis-(4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol) was linked with higher antioxidant potency than the amine-based formulation and the phenolic compounds with two bulky tert-butyl groups. Among the 4 selected phenolic additives, butylated hyd­roxy­toluene and 2,2′-methylene-bis-(4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol) had sim­ilar effi­ciency in SoSuME-EN (at ≈500 ppm they produced SF ≈ 2), while it took twice of this amount for mixed butylphenols to achieve the same effect.

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M. Rankov Šicar, R. Mićić, M. Tomić, and N. Đurišić-Mladenović, “Efficiency of different additives in the improvement of the oxidation stability of fatty acid methyl esters with different properties: Scientific paper”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 86, no. 7-8, pp. 739-752, Aug. 2021.
Chemical Engineering


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