Solubility and degradation of paracetamol in subcritical water

Zuhal Emire, Erdal Yabalak, Özkan Görmez, Ahmet Murat Gizir

Abstract


: In this study, solubility and degradation of paracetamol were exam­ined using subcritical water. The effect of temperature and static time was investigated during the solubility process in subcritical water at constant pres­sure (50 bar). The experimental results showed that temperature and static time have crucial effects on the degradation and solubility rates. The maximal solubility of paracetamol was obtained at 403 K as (14.68±0.74)×103. An approximation model for the solubility of paracetamol was proposed. O2 and H2O2 were used for the degradation of paracetamol. The maximum degradation rate was found as 68.66±1.05 % and 100±0.00 % using O2 and H2O2, res­pectively.


Keywords


subcritical water medium; approximation model; paracetamol; degradation; solubility.

Full Text:

PDF (289 kB)

References


C. R. Gadipelly, V. K. Rathod, K. V. Marathe, J. Mol. Catal., A: Chem. 414 (2016) 116

C. Gadipelly, A. Pérez-González, G. D. Yadav, I. Ortiz, R. Ibáñez, V. K. Rathod, K. V. Marathe, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53 (2014) 11571

L. Yang, L. E. Yu, M. B. Ray, Water Res. 42 (2008) 3480

M. Magureanu, N. B. Mandache, V. I. Parvulescu, Water Res. 81 (2015) 124

J. Liu, Q. Sun, C. Zhang, H. Li, W. Song, N. Zhang, X. Jia, Desalin. Water Treat. 57 (2016) 11386

K. Ikehata, N. J. Naghashkar, M. G. El-Din, Ozone Sci. Eng. 28 (2006) 353

R. A. Granberg, A. C. Rasmuson, J. Chem. Eng. Data. 44 (1999) 1391

O. Gimeno, J. F. Garcia-Araya, F. J. Beltran, F. J. Rivas, A. Espejo, Chem. Eng. J. 290 (2016) 12

A Mashayekh-Salehi, G. Moussavi, Desalin. Water Treat. 57 (2016) 12861

L. A. Schaider, R. A. Rudel, J. M. Ackerman, S. C. Dunagan, J. G. Brody, Sci. Total Environ. 468 (2014) 384

T. A. Ternes, Water Res. 32 (1998) 3245

D. W. Kolpin, E. T. Furlong, M. T. Meyer, E. M. Thurman, S. D. Zaugg, L. B. Barber, H. T. Buxton, Environ. Sci. Technol. 36 (2002) 1202

D. J. Miller, S. B. Hawthorne, A. M. Gizir, A. A. Clifford, J. Chem. Eng. Data 43 (1998) 1043

J. Mathis, A. M. Gizir, Y. Yang, J. Chem. Eng. Data 49 (2004) 1269

B. Kayan, Y. Yang, E. J. Lindquist, A. M. Gizir, J. Chem. Eng. Data 55 (2010) 2229

B. Kayan, B. Gözmen, J. Hazard. Mater. 201 (2012) 100

G. Zhang, I. Okajima, T. Sako, J. Supercrit. Fluids 112 (2016) 136

J, Levec, A. Pintar, Catal. Today 124 (2007) 172

R. S. Ribeiro, A. M. T. Silva, J. L. Figueiredo, J. L. Faria, H. T. Gomes, Appl. Catal., B 187 (2016) 428

P. R. Gogate, A. B. Pandit, Adv. Environ. Res. 8 (2004) 501

J. Fu, G. Z. Kyzas, Chin. J. Catal. 35 (2014) 1

M. S. Chang, J. Y. Shen, S. H. Yang, G. J. Wu, J. Hazard. Mater. 192 (2011) 1203

E. Yabalak, Ö. Görmez, B. Gözmen, A. M. Gizir, Int. J. Ind. Chem. 6 (2015) 23

M. Khoubnasabjafari, A. Shayanfar, F. Martinez, W. E. Acree Jr., A. Jouyban, J. Mol. Liq. 219 (2016) 435

X. Sheng, Q. Wang, Z. Xiong, C. Chen, Fluid Phase Equilib. 415 (2016) 8

E. Yabalak, A. M. Gizir, J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 78 (2013) 1013

E. Yabalak, PhD Thesis, Mersin University, 2015

B. Kapalavavi, J. Ankney, M. Baucom, Y. Yang, J. Chem. Eng. Data 59 (2014) 912

P. D. Vaidya, V. V. Mahajani, Adv. Environ. Res. 6 (2002) 429

M. Klavariotia, D. Mantzavinos, D. Kassinos, Environ. Int. 35 (2009) 402

B. Gözmen, B. Kayan, A. M. Gizir, A. Hesenov, J. Hazard. Mater. 168 (2009) 129

J. A. Onwudili, P. T. Williams, Fuel 85 (2006) 75

J. Kronholm, J. Kalpala, K. Hartnen, M. L. Riokkola, J. Supercrit. Fluids 23 (2002) 123

J. A. Onwudili, P. T. Williams, J. Supercrit. Fluids 39 (2007) 399

V. M. Daskalaki, E. S. Timotheatou, A. Katsaounis, D. Kalderis, Desalination 274 (2011) 200

A. H. Gemeay, I. A. Mansour, R. G. El-Sharkawy, A. B. Zaki, J. Mol. Catal., A: Chem. 193 (2003) 109

A. Aleboyeh, H. Aleboyeh, Y. Moussa, Environ. Chem. Lett. 1 (2003) 161

M. B. Kasiri, A. R. Khataee, Desalination 270 (2011) 15.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC160520079E

Copyright (c) 2016 J. Serb. Chem. Soc.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

IMPACT FACTOR 0.797 (139 of 171 journals)
5 Year Impact Factor 0,923 (134 of 171 journals)