Improving the synthesis process of tribological materials based on tin sulphides by adding graphite as additive

Nataša Gajić, Željko Kamberović, Zoran Anđić, Marija Korać, Jarmila Trpčevska, Mirko Stamatović


The aim of this research was to study the effect of graphite addition in the process of synthesis of tribological materials based on tin sulphides. The tin sul­phides powders were synthesized from selected precursors by pyrometallurgical method in rotary tilting tube furnace. The thermodynamic parameters of the syn­thesis were determined using HSC Chemistry software modelling package. In addition, the synthesis process was also characterized by the thermal analysis method: simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry (DCS-TGA). The characterization of the synthesized tin sulphides powders inc­luded analysis of chemical composition by optical emission spectroscopy, phase com­position identification by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and examination of mor­phology, as well as elemental composition by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The hexagonal SnS2 and orthorhombic Sn2S3 phases were formed after the thermal treatment of starting powders in nitro­gen atmosphere. The obtained results indicate the positive effects of the graphite addition which enables the synthesis of tin sulphide powders with appropriate content of sulphide phases with minimal loss of sulphur.


tribology; tin sulphide; graphite; pyrometallurgical method

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