Improving the synthesis process of tribological materials based on tin sulphides by adding graphite as additive

Nataša Gajić, Željko Kamberović, Zoran Anđić, Marija Korać, Jarmila Trpčevska, Mirko Stamatović

Abstract


The aim of this research was to study the effect of graphite addition in the process of synthesis of tribological materials based on tin sulphides. The tin sul­phides powders were synthesized from selected precursors by pyrometallurgical method in rotary tilting tube furnace. The thermodynamic parameters of the syn­thesis were determined using HSC Chemistry software modelling package. In addition, the synthesis process was also characterized by the thermal analysis method: simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry (DCS-TGA). The characterization of the synthesized tin sulphides powders inc­luded analysis of chemical composition by optical emission spectroscopy, phase com­position identification by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and examination of mor­phology, as well as elemental composition by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The hexagonal SnS2 and orthorhombic Sn2S3 phases were formed after the thermal treatment of starting powders in nitro­gen atmosphere. The obtained results indicate the positive effects of the graphite addition which enables the synthesis of tin sulphide powders with appropriate content of sulphide phases with minimal loss of sulphur.


Keywords


tribology; tin sulphide; graphite; pyrometallurgical method

Full Text:

PDF (5,663 kB)

References


REFERENCES

B. Bhushan, Modern tribology handbook, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2001 (http://www.crcnetbase.com/doi/abs/10.1201/9780849377877.ch38a)

X. Xiao, Y. Yin, J. Bao, L. Lu, X. Feng, Adv. Mech. Eng. 8 (2016) 1 (https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1687814016647300)

S. Kim, Int. J. Miner.Metall.Mater. 21 (2014) 95 (https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-014-0871-3)

Z. Veličković, N. Ivanković, V. Striković, R. Karkalić, D. Jovanović, Z. Bajić, J. Bogdanov, J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 81 (2016) 947 (https://dx.doi.org/10.2298/JSC151130045V)

A.M. Martinez, J. Echeberria, A. Di Loreto, M. Zanon, I. Rampin, in Proceedings of the EuroBrake Conference, 2014, Lille, France, Proceedings - EuroBrake 2014, FISITA, London, 2014, p. 1

X. Wu, S. J. Cobbina, G. Mao, H. Xu, Z. Zhang, L. Yang, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 23 (2016) 8244 (https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6333-x)

P. B. Tchounwou, C. G. Yedjou, A. K. Patlolla, D. J. Sutton, Molecular, Clinical and Environmental Toxicology, Springer, Basel, 2012, p. 133

(https://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/978-3-7643-8340-4)

W. Österle, A. I. Dmitriev, Lubricants 4 (2016) 5 (https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/lubricants4010005)

M. Morbach, H.G. Paul, P. Severit, in Proceedings of the EuroBrake Conference, 2012, Dresden, Germany, Proceedings - EuroBrake 2012, FISITA, London, 2012

S. Copelli, A. Fumagalli, L. Gigante, C. Pasturemzi, Powder Technol. 311 (2017) 416 (https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2017.01.096)

K. R. Nandanapalli, D. Mudusu, Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 40 (2015) 359 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408436.2015.1053601)

K.T Ramakrishna Reddy, P. Purandhara Reddy, Mater. Lett. 56 (2002) 108 (https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-577X(02)00427-5)

S. Suresh, Int. J. Phys. Sci. 9 (2014) 380 (https://dx.doi.org/10.5897/IJPS2014.4176)

D. Fister, U. S. Patent No. 5,894,016 A (1999)

B. E. Kinsman, R. Hanney, U. S. Patent No. 6,303,097 B1 (2001)

D. Guhl, V. von Drach, U. S. Patent No. 6,187,281 B1 (2001)

C. Manoharan, G. Kiruthigaa, S. Dhanapandian, K. Santhosh Kuma, M. Jothibas, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Nanomaterials & Emerging Engineering Technologies, 2013, Chennai, India, 2013 International Conference on Advanced Nanomaterials and Emerging Engineering Technologies (ICANMEET 2013), IEEE, New York, 2013, p. 30

Ž. Kamberović, Z. Anđić, M. Korać, M. Gavrilovski, A. Mihajlović, N. Jovanović, N. Gajić, in Proceedings of the International October Conference on Mining and Metallurgy, 2015, Bor, Serbia, 47th International October Conference on Mining and Metallurgy (IOC 2015), Mining and Metallurgy Institute, Bor, 2015, p. 331

M. Kamkui, S. Laminsi, D. Njopwou , T. Djove, Chalcogenide Lett. 11 (2014) p. 219

C. Kaito, Y. Saito, K. Fujita, J. Cryst. Growth 94 (1989) 967

(https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-0248(89)90131-0)

A. Senatore, M. Sarno, P. Ciambelli, Contemp.Mater. 6 (2015) 1 (http://dx.doi.org/10.7251/COMEN1501001S)

A. Roine, HSC Chemistry Software®, v 6.12, Outotec Research Oy Center, Pori, 2006

B. Meyer, Chem. Rev. 76 (1976) 283 (https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cr60301a003).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC180628102G

Copyright (c) 2018 J. Serb. Chem. Soc.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

IMPACT FACTOR 0.828 (140 of 172 journals)
5 Year Impact Factor 0.917 (140 of 172 journals)