Synthesis, characterization and adsorption studies of nano-composite hydrogels and the effect of SiO2 on the capacity for the removal of Methylene Blue dye

Sinan Temel, Elif Yaman, Nurgul Ozbay, Fatma Ozge Gokmen

Abstract


Nanocomposite hydrogels were produced by free radical polymer­ization of acrylic acid and N-vinylpyrrolidone in the presence of SiO2 nano­par­ticles. The chemical and morphological structures of the hydrogels were deter­mined using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR) and field emis­sion scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The nanocomposite hydrogels were used for the adsorption and desorption of Methylene Blue dye from wastewater. Wastewater was referred to distilled water that contained Methyl­ene Blue dye under laboratory conditions. The carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen contents of the dye, hydrogels and dye-adsorbed hydrogels were determined by elemental analysis. The influences of SiO2 nanoparticles and copolymerization on the adsorption capacity were studied. The maximum dye removal of 98.3 % was obtained with AA-co-VP (3:1) copolymeric hydrogel. The synthesized hydrogels could be evaluated as adsorbents in wastewater treatment, effectively.


Keywords


wastewater treatment, textile dyes, acrylic acid hydrogels, vinyl pyrrolidone, SiO2 nanoparticles

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC190517114T

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