Treatment of sugar industry effluent using an electrocoagulation process: Process optimization using the response surface methodology

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Shreyas Gondudey
Parmesh Kumar Chaudhari
Sandeep Dharmadhikari
Raghwendra Singh Thakur


Wastewater of sugar industries has a high pollutant load due to the presence of organic and inorganic materials. Discharge of untreated or partially treated wastewater has a negative effect on the environment and on the life of humans, plants and animals. In our present studies, it was attempted to treat sugar industry effluent (SIE) by an electrocoagulation process (ECP) using mild steel (MS) as the electrode material. For this purpose, three process para­meters, namely pH (5–9), current density (j = 34.7–104 A m-2) and treatment time (tR = 20–100 min), were selected to optimize the process using the res­ponse surface methodology (RSM). The optimum conditions were pH 6.66, j = 104 A m-2 and tR = 100 min. The maximum chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal of 75.98 % was achieved under the optimum conditions. The predicted model by RSM showed R2 = 0.9515. After treatment of the effluent, the sludge content in the treated water was separated effectively by filtration and settling.


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S. Gondudey, P. K. Chaudhari, S. Dharmadhikari, and R. S. Thakur, “Treatment of sugar industry effluent using an electrocoagulation process: Process optimization using the response surface methodology”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 85, no. 10, pp. 1357–1369, Oct. 2020.
Chemical Engineering


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