Effects of urban vegetation on PM mitigation: The case of a street in Novi Sad, Serbia Scientific paper

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Miljan Šunjević
Dejana Nedučin
Ružica Božović
Maja Sremački
Boris Obrovski
Irina Subotić


Experiencing rapid development and growth, cities worldwide face a surge in air pollution, primarily driven by the increased concentrations of the particulate matter (PM) originating from various anthropogenic sources, such as traffic, household fuel combustion, and industrial and construction activities. Urban green spaces can naturally filter PM through physicochemical processes, serving as effective urban planning instruments for the improvement of the air quality. Focusing on a street in Novi Sad, the second-largest city in Serbia, this study investigates the efficiency of vegetation in mitigating air pollution, spe­cifically PM10 emissions from traffic and construction activities. Using the con­temporary monitoring and modelling techniques for measuring and predicting PM10 concentrations, the focus of this research is to evaluate the efficacy of vegetation in affecting and minimizing detected PM concentrations. The results indicate a significant reduction in the monitored PM10 concentrations behind the green barrier compared to the modelled concentrations near the pollution source (on the road) for both traffic and construction-related emissions. The paper highlights the capacity of green elements to act as natural air pollution mitigators and suggests better integration of strategic environmental manage­ment into urban planning to foster the development of healthier and more sus­tainable cities, providing recommendations to facilitate this objective.


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M. Šunjević, D. Nedučin, R. Božović, M. Sremački, B. Obrovski, and I. Subotić, “Effects of urban vegetation on PM mitigation: The case of a street in Novi Sad, Serbia: Scientific paper”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 743–755, May 2024.
15 years of Professor Emeritus UNS

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