Validation and uncertainty estimation of analytical method for determination of phenolic compounds in concrete

Branislava Goran Savić, Ivana Mihajlović, Slobodan Milutinović, Mina Seović, Željka Nikolić, Miloš Tošić, Tanja Brdarić


Organic contaminants from building materials negatively affect people's health. This study presents the analytical method for the simultaneous identification and quantification of 9 phenolic compounds: phenol, 2-chloro phenol, 2,4-dimethyl phenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol, 4-chloro-3-methyl phenol, 2,4,6-tri­chlorophenol, 2,3,4,6-tetrahlorophenol, pentachlorophenol in concrete by gas chro­matographic method with mass spectrometric detection (GC-MS). By comparing the MS spectra of the test compounds with MS spectra of analytical standards, reliable identification was achieved. The method can be applied in a given range (from 0.01 to 7.5 mg kg-1) with the appropriate parameters of precision, accuracy, repeatability and linearity. The developed method could be used for the quality control testing of phenols in concrete during the construction of new buildings, the old residences and construction waste. Measurement uncertainty of phenolic compounds in concrete was evaluated using two approaches: GUM recommendations and Monte-Carlo method. Disagreement of those methods was observed. Monte-Carlo method could be used in evaluation of combined measurement uncertainty for phenolic compounds analysis in concrete.


building material; GUM; Monte Carlo

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