Fruška Gora mountainous environments – assessing the impact of geological setting and land use on soil properties

Tamara Đorđević, Milica Kašanin-Grubin, Gordana Dj Gajica, Zorica Popović, Rada Matić, Ljuba Josić, Milan Milenković, Aleksandar Lazarević, Branimir Jovančićević

Abstract


On a global scale, it was found that the surface of the vulnerable land and land affected by degradation has been increasing in the last decades and that unsustainable land management is one of the key drivers of land degrad­ation. In order to assess the effect that these changes have on biodiversity and ecosystem services, and to realize appropriate planning and management act­ions for the conservation of the environment, it is essential to identify and quantify changes caused by land degradation. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the geological setting, i.e., the type of bedrock, and land use on the physicochemical properties of soil in the vulnerable moun­tainous areas of Fruška Gora. For the purpose of this study, 30 soil samples were collected from a depth of 0–20 cm at four locations on the Fruška Gora Mt. The geological setting was serpentinite and marl and land cover was forest and meadow. The following soil properties were determined: pH, redox poten­tial (Eh), electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), concen­tra­tions of available cations Ca, Mg, K, Na, contents of organic carbon (Corg) and nitrogen (N). The correlation between the obtained parameters was tested with two-way ANOVA and principal component analyses (PCA). All of the obtained results indicated that the soil physicochemical properties depended on the geological setting and that rock composition has to be taken into consider­ation during land management.


Keywords


soil; environmental changes; rock type; land cover



DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC151014001D

Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society - J. Serb. Chem. Soc.

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